Ayurveda is made up of two sanskrit words …AYUR means life & VEDA means the knowledge of. That means ayurveda is a science or knowledge of life.
Ayurveda is holistic system of medicine.
Ayurveda is convoluted system of healing that originated in INDIA more than 6000 years ago.
As per historical evidences Ayurveda is ‘’UPAVEDA ‘’ of ‘’ ATHARV VEDA’’ (part of )
As per all ancient ayurveda texts there are 2 purpose of ayurveda.
I. preventive purpose:- prevention from diseases by providing guidance regarding food , lifestyle, and also through medicines and panchakarma.
II. curative purpose:- to cure diseases from it’s root cause with the help of medicines(compulsory), panchakarma (optional),diet and proper lifestyle changing.
The importance of vata dosha is most among 3 doshas is because of vata is the main driver of the body ,including pitta & kapha,all the tissues (dhatus) & malas(waste products) . if vata becomes imbalanced for long & sufficiently enough ,it can also cause the other 2 doshas to become imbalanced .
|Vata dosha types||Location||Function|
|prana vata||Heart ,chest, throat||
|Vyana vata||located in the heart, moves all over the body in great speed||
|Apana vata||Large intestines,bladder ,genitals||
Pitta governs all heat, metabolism and transformation in the mind and body. It controls body’s digestive and metabolic system and how we discriminate between right and wrong.
|Types of pitta||Location||Function|
|Pachaka pitta||Between stomach and large intestines||Digestion and transformation of food materials. It cooks the food, divides it into essence and waste,|
|Ranjaka pitta||Liver,spleen||Forming rakta dhatu from essence of digested food|
|Sadhaka pitta||heart||It attends to mental functions such as knowledge, intelligence, self-consciousness, etc, thereby helping the purpose – aims of life.|
|Alochaka pitta||eyes||Helps in vision|
|Bhrajaka pitta||SKIN||helps exhibition of color and complexion.|
Kapha governs the structure & immunity of the body. It is the principle that holds the cells together and forms the muscle, fat, bone. The primary function of Kapha is protection.
|Types of kapha||Location||Function|
|Avalambaka kapha||chest||Lubrication and nourishing|
|Kledaka kapha||stomach||It moistens the hard food mass and helps in digestion.Forming rakta dhatu from essence of digested food|
|Tarpaka kapha||head||Nourishes sense organs|
|Shleshak kapha||Bone joints||lubricates and strengthens the joint.|