Sciatica is the name given to pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve. Anything that irritates this nerve can cause pain, ranging from mild to severe.


  • The pain which starts from Lower Back can Radiates to Hip,Thighs,Legs,Calf Muscles or even Toes.
  • Numbness in Legs.
  • Tingling sensation in Legs
  • Burning sensation in soles .
  • Difficulty in Movements like standing, seating, walking, climbing upstairs-downstairs,changing postures while sleeping etc. Due to pain.
  • Body Weakness
  • Morning Stiffness
  • Gastric trouble, constipation, Hyper Acidity


  • Degeneration of disc, which act as cushions between two vertebrae, creates compression on sciatic nerve.
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis - a narrowing of the spinal cord in the lower back that may compress the sciatic nerve.
  • Spondylolisthesis - a condition where a disk slips forward over the vertebra below it, pinching the sciatic nerve.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis-A type of spinal Arthritis in which spine's bones (vertebrae) fuse together, resulting in a rigid spine that may lead to a stooped-over posture. Which is Incurable condition.
  • Tumors within the spine may compress the root of the sciatic nerve.
  • Infection within the spine.
  • Injury within the spine.

Allopathic Treatment

  • Medicines
    • Pain killers ( Analgesics & Anti inflammatory) like Diclofenac,paracetamol etc
    • Calcium-vitamin supplements
    • Steroids etc.
    • Side effects : Damage liver & kidney in long term use
  • Lumbar laminectomy - widening of the spinal cord in the lower back to reduce pressure on the nerves.
  • Discectomy - partial or entire removal of a herniated disk.
  • Side effects of surgery
    • Bowel/bladder incontinence due to Nerve root damage.
    • Pain that persists after the surgery.
    • Infection can cause buildup of fluid in the lungs that may lead to pneumonia.
    • Deep vein thrombosis, which occurs when blood clots form in the leg.
Allopathic Treatment

Ayurveda point of view (Causes)

  • Imbalanced,irregular pattern of food
  • Maximum use of vata and pitta aggravated food like potatoes,brinjal,beans,peas,pulses except green and red grams,fermented food like idli,dosa,bakery items like breads,sour food like tamarind,orange,curd,spicy and oily food etc
  • Sedentary life style, Obesity
  • Aging related wear and tear.
  • Long term Diabetes
  • Taking sleep on uneven time.

Process of Disc herniation or Degeneration

  • Due to previously described causes,aggravated VATA & PITTA get deposited into the Disc between vertebrae.
  • VATA aggressively decreases the smoothness and oiliness into Disc space by its virtues of dryness and roughness, which creates the friction between two vertebrae that leads compression on sciatic Nerve.
  • Aggravated PITTA creates swelling in Disc space by its acidic nature.

Definition of "AMA DOSHA"

The half digested, unmetabolised food product which circulates in the body as toxins is called as "AMA DOSHA".

The effect of "AMA dosha " in sciatica
  • When AMADOSHA get deposited into the Disc space between vertebrae it creates slow down of blood circulation towards Vertebrae, Disc & Sciatic Nerve.
  • Slow Blood flow leads to impaired nutrition supply towards them which causes Degeneration of Disc, osteoporosis in vertebrae and Degeneration of sciatic Nerves.

Line of Treatment in Ayurveda for sciatica

  • To remove swelling around spinal cord & Sciatic Nerve by Detoxification of Aggravated VATA, PITTA & AMADOSHA with the help of Ayurveda medicines and Panchakarma (BASTI-Anema)
  • To increase blood flow towards Spinal cord,Disc space & sciatic nerves with the help of Medicine, panchakarma (patrapind swed,pottli sek,nadi swed & abhyanga-massage) exercise.
  • To Remove compression from Sciatic Nerve root With the Help of KATI BASTI Treatment.
  • To Regenerate Disc space and Sciatic Nerve with the help of Rasayan (Rejuvenative) medicine & exercise- yoga.